15 Bo

וַיֹּאמֶר יהוה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה בֹּא אֶל־פַּרְעֹה כִּֽי־אֲנִי הִכְבַּדְתִּי אֶת־לִבּוֹ וְאֶת־לֵב עֲבָדָיו לְמעַן שִׁתִי אֹתֹתַי אֵלֶּה בְּקִרְבּֽוֹ׃

Now the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh; for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, that I may show these signs of Mine before him





Brit Chadasha

January 20 2024


Exodus 10:1-13:16

Jeremiah 46:13-28

Luke 2:22-24
Rev. 8:6-9:12


The drama of this Parasha is mostly terrifying. The mounting confrontation between the People of Israel represented by Moses and Aaron (but really God) – and the Egyptians – represented by an unnamed Pharaoh, reaches its crescendo with the last three of the ten plagues. Moses cares not only for his own safety, but also for that of all the Israelites. Every creature, from the smallest sheep to the oldest bull, from the tiniest baby to the oldest woman, is his responsibility – and he’s willing to risk his own freedom and even his own life to ensure they are freed. It took until the 10th plague – the death of firstborn Egyptian humans and livestock--for Pharaoh to be broken and surrender to Moses’ demands.
A commandment of eating the Pascal lamb in Egypt was carried to Moses and Aaron on the first of the month; The ritual itself was to be performed in three parts: on the tenth of the month a live lamb was to be taken by the household, at twilight on the fourteenth of the month it was to be sacrificed and roasted whole and its blood smeared on the doorposts and lintel, and on the eve of the fifteenth of the month it was to be eaten in its entirety along with unleavened cakes and bitter herbs by those assigned to each lamb, those feasting being fully dressed and ready for the road (Ex. 12:9-13). One other instruction was given them—to remember this act and to observe it in the future.
To this instruction, two major innovations added; the obligation to celebrate the festival seven days and the prohibition against eating leavened bread (Ex. 12:14-20).